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Nature Caribbean Lodge
Meuble de tourisme 3 étoiles


What to visit in Guadeloupe?

 Guadeloupe in  Guadeloupe Creole  : Gwadloupe 

GUADELOUPE: a bit of history

 Guadeloupe (in  Guadeloupean Creole  : Gwadloupe is a  archipelago  from  Caribbean  consisting of seven islands, forming a  region  and one  department  from French overseas territories . The  main part  (Karukera in  Native American languages ) in the shape of a butterfly is composed of two islands: the  Big land  to the east and the  Lowland  to the west, separated by an arm of the sea, called "the  Salt River  ".
Administratively, Guadeloupe is a
  French department , a  region  mono-department of the French overseas territories  and an  outermost region  european,  French West Indies  ; its official departmental code is "  971  ". It is a member of the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States  (OECS).

Guadeloupe, bordered by the  Caribbean Sea  to the west and by the Atlantic Ocean  to the east, is located 575 km north of the coast of  Venezuela  in  South America , 205 km east of the Island of Aves , 739 km east-southeast of the  Dominican Republic , 2,176 km east-southeast of  Miami  ( United States ) and 6,732 km from  Paris .
The region consists of several
  islands and islets  : the  Guadeloupe  continental (the  Big land  and the  Basse-Terre ) and its dependencies: the island of  Marie-Galante , the Saintes archipelago  composed mainly of  Terre-de-Haut  and  Terre-de-Bas ,  Desirade  and uninhabited islands.

Grande Anse beach in Deshaies, close to the Nature caraibe lodge villa rental
Map of the land and seabed of Guadeloupe

Basse-Terre known as Karukera

Historically, Basse-Terre was first named "Karukera" ("island of beautiful waters", in the Caribbean language 4 ) by the  Native Americans  who inhabit it and Grande-Terre, “Cibuqueira” (“island of gum trees”, in the Caribbean language) 5 . The  Rivière Salée , arm of the sea which separates them cutting Guadeloupe in two, was called "Aboukétoutou" which meant "strait".  Christopher Colombus  approached there on November 4, 1493 and gave it the name of Guadeloupe in homage to the Virgin protector of navigators  Our Lady of Guadalupe . In  Spain , to  Guadalupe , the  Royal Monastery of Santa María de Guadalupe  is dedicated to the Virgin of the Navigators. The name of Guadalupe would come from the name of the river which flows in this city, in Arabic wadi-al-lub, which means the "river of black pebbles 6  or, according to a deformation indicated by  Ana Castillo , “river of love” 7 .

We owe travel agencies the paraphrase “Butterfly Island” inspired by the shape of the two main islands.

The island of  Lowland  has on its territory the  volcano  of the  Soufrière , also nicknamed the Old Lady, and the culmination of  Lesser Antilles . It is full of waterfalls, rivers, beaches of golden or black sand, and a tropical rain forest covers its mountain range. The island of  Big land  consists (in the west) of a plain bordered by  mangroves  since  the Gosier  up to  Port-Louis , from the region of  Large Funds  (in the center) and an arid plateau, jagged with rocky and wild coasts (from north to east). the  littoral  south of Grande-Terre, dotted with white sand beaches sheltered from  coral reefs , concentrates the major seaside resorts of  Gosier , from  Saint Anne  and of  Saint-François . The island of Marie-Galante is characterized in the north by a limestone cliff then, in the east and in the south, by a plateau which becomes “dreary” to tilt down steep slopes towards a coastal plain. To the west of the island, facing Basse-Terre, the beaches and mangroves stretch along the Caribbean Sea and a humid natural coastal environment extends into the bay of Folle-Anse.

Guadeloupe and the Antilles constitute a  biodiversity hot spot . Like the others  Lesser Antilles , Guadeloupe emerged from the ocean less than five million years ago and its isolation has favored the emergence of a high rate of endemism . The archipelago was completely covered with forest before the arrival of Europeans in the sixteenth century, and this arrival was accompanied by biological invasions  and clearing which had a severe impact on the  biodiversity . Many species have disappeared from the island such as the Amazon of Guadeloupe , the  mondoungue rat , the  Caribbean manatee , the  monk seal of the Caribbean , the améive of Guadeloupe . According to a report by the  DEAL  from Guadeloupe and Martinique: 1,260  vascular plants , eight mammals, 14 birds, 11  reptiles four  amphibians  and four species of freshwater fish were introduced to the  French Antilles . Among which the  Miconia calvescensrat , mongoose,  lion fish  and cassava ants are considered invasive species.

(Source Wikipedia)

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